Who Is the Triune God?
What can be said about God? He is the Alpha and the Omega. He is the beginning and the end. He created the universe. He spoke and it came into existence.
God reveals Himself to us as one God in three persons. These are God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. This belief is supported by the Bible in in Matthew 28: 19. Jesus instructs us to baptize in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. The Bible presents the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit as God. All three are God. But there is only one God.
God the Father
God is worthy of praise! In heaven, four living creatures surround God’s throne. They never stop saying, “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God Almighty, Who was, and is, and is to come.” Twenty-four elders fall down before the throne. They proclaim, “You are worthy, our Lord and God, to receive glory and honor and power, for You created all things, and by Your will they were created and have their being.” (Revelation 4: 8,11, capitalized pronouns mine)
God is totally different from us. The Bible reports in Isaiah 55: 6-7, “For My thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways My ways, declares the Lord. As the heavens are higher than the earth, so are My ways higher than your ways and My thoughts than your thoughts.”
God is beyond our ability to understand. Why should that surprise us? He is God! If my finite mind could totally understand God, He wouldn’t be much of a god.
Jesus Christ, God’s Son
Let’s consider Jesus. Is Jesus really also God? Yes. The Bible tells us so in Colossians 1: 15-20. This passage describes Jesus Christ in terms that are unmatched in Scripture.
“He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation (the Greek word used here for firstborn means, “preeminent over all creation”). For by Him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things were created by Him and for Him. He is before all things, and in Him all things hold together. He is the head of the body, the church; He is the beginning and the firstborn from among the dead, so that in everything He might have the supremacy. For God was pleased to have all His fullness dwell in him, and through Him to reconcile all things, whether things on earth or things in heaven, by making peace through His blood, shed on the cross.” (NIV, capitals mine)
Wow! Jesus Christ is the exact representation of God. He is the perfect revelation of God. The Bible proclaims more amazing facts about, Jesus Christ.
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through Him all things were made; without Him nothing was made that has been made. In Him was life, and that life was the light of men. The light shines in the darkness, but the darkness has not understood it. . . . The Word became flesh and made His dwelling among us. We have seen His glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth.” (John 1: 1-5, 14-15, NIV)
Jesus Christ is the Word of God. He is light. Through Him all things were made. John 5 tells us more about Jesus.
“For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom He is pleased to give it. Moreover, the Father judges no one, but has entrusted all judgment to the Son . . . I tell you the truth, whoever hears My word and believes Him who sent Me has eternal life and will not be condemned; he has crossed over from death to life. . . . For as the Father has life in Himself, so He has granted the Son to have life in Himself.” (John 5: 21-22, 24, 26, NIV)
Jesus Christ has life in Himself! This is incredible. Philosophers speak of two types of beings. There are contingent beings and non-contingent beings. These words sound complicated but they are not. A contingent being is contingent. Its existence is dependent on something else. You and I are contingent beings. Our life depends on air, water, the grace of God, and many other factors.
There is only one non-contingent being. That being is God. But John 5 says Jesus Christ is not a contingent being. He does not depend on anything else for life. Jesus Christ has life in Himself! But God is the only non-contingent being. Therefore, Jesus Christ must be God!
Jesus is truth. In John 14: 6 Jesus said, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through Me.” We will talk about truth in other parts of this website.
God the Holy Spirit
The third person of the Trinity is the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit also is God.
The apostle John refers to the Holy Spirit by using the Greek word paraklatos. This word means, “called to one’s side” or “called to one’s aid.” In regular use the word referred to one who pleads another’s cause before a judge, a counsel for the defense, or an intercessor who pleads another’s cause. The word often is translated counselor or comforter.
The Holy Spirit lives within Christians. He connects us to God. On the night He was betrayed, Jesus comforted his disciples. He said, “I will ask the Father, and He will give you another Counselor to be with you forever – the Spirit of truth. The world cannot accept Him, because it neither sees Him nor knows Him. But you know Him, for He lives with you and will be in you.” (John 14: 16-17, NIV)
The Holy Spirit leads us into truth. Moments later, Jesus remarked, “But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.” (John 14: 26, NIV)
The Holy Spirit helps us when we are weak. “In the same way the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit Himself intercedes for us with groans that words cannot express.” (Romans 8:26, NIV)
The Christian God is one God, revealed in three Persons.